Egypt is almost certainly the world’s oldest civilization having emerged from the Nile Valley around three,100 years ago, historically. Egypt is almost certainly 1 of the oldest vacation spots. Early Greeks, Romans and other people went there just for enjoyable, and to see the wonders of some of mankind’s earliest triumphs, but Egypt is significantly far more than Pyramids and monuments. It can be also Red Sea scuba diving, hot night spots, luxury hotels and five star restaurants. It can be romantic cruises down the Nile on festive river boats, a night at the grand opera and it can be a cultural encounter like none you might have ever experienced. Egypt is often a land bustling with life, sound, visual beauty and excitement. Far more than anything else, we want you to feel of Egypt as enjoyable. For thousands of years, it has been the playground of emperors and kings, and we hope you are going to take the time to uncover out what exactly is the reason behind.
Labor force is 22.four million (2004) . Unemployment rate.16.4% (2004). Inflation Rate s five.9% (2004). Gross domestic item (total value of goods and services produced annually) is 7.1 billion (2004 est.). Spending budget is .8 billion. Debt is .five billion (2004). Exporting is .1 billion, primarily crude oil and petroleum goods, cotton yarn, raw cotton, textiles, metal goods, chemicals. Importing is .five billion, primarily machinery and equipment, foods, fertilizers, wood goods, durable consumer goods, capital goods. Defense spending is 8.2% of GDP (2004 est.). Highways are 73,000 km (2004)
Visa and Passport:
Non-Egyptian visitors arriving in Egypt are needed to be in possession of a valid passport. Entry visas may well be obtained from Egyptian Diplomatic and Consular Missions Abroad or from the Entry Visa Department at the Travel Documents, Immigration and Nationality Administration (TDINA). It can be, even so, probable for most tourists and visitors to acquire an entry visa at any of the Significant Ports of Entry. Please check together with your nearest Egyptian Consular mission for far more details concerning visa regulations applying to your citizenship. The visa form ought to then be completed, either by printing it out and filing it in or via a graphics editor and sent to the nearest Egyptian Embassy or Consulate. Visitors entering Egypt at the overland border post to Taba to check out Gulf of Aqaba coast and St. Catherine might be exempted from visa and granted a no cost residence permit for fourteen days to check out the location. Citizens of the following countries are needed to be in possession of a pre-arrival visa: Afghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Chechnya, Croatia, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kirghizia, Lebanon, Macau, Macedonia, Moldavia, Montenegro, Morocco, Pakistan, Palestine, The Philippines, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia, Sri-Lanka, Tadzhikistan, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and all African countries. Residents of the above countries may well apply for a visa by way of their nearest Egyptian Consulate or Embassy. uncover the Embassy or Consulate nearest you. Those in possession of a residence permit in Egypt aren’t needed to acquire an entry visa if they leave the country and return to it inside the validity of their residence permit or inside six months, whichever period is much less. You can find 3 varieties of Egyptian visa: Tourist Visa: is normally valid for a period not exceeding 3 months and granted on either single or numerous entry basis. Entry Visa: is needed for any foreigner arriving in Egypt for purposes apart from tourism, e.g. work, study, etc. The possession of a valid Entry Visa is necessary to total the residence process in Egypt.
Egypt is often a Middle Eastern country and has Middle Eastern customs. No matter whether Muslim or Copt, the Egyptians are deeply religious and religious principles govern their every day lives. Combined with religious belief is commitment to the extended family members. Each and every family members member is responsible for the integrity of the family members and for the behavior of other members, making an environment that could be envied by a lot of people inside the West. Surely, the result is that the city of Cairo is safer than any western metropolis. Yet when westerners check out Egypt they’re typically apprehensive. Their views of Egyptians and Arabs, fomented by unkind and untrue media stories, typically bear no relation to reality. Travelers are typically surprised by their friendly, hospitable reception and take property with them very good feelings about Egypt and its population. Egyptians have been raised in a social environment steeped in Islam, a background which will color their decision-making in a way tough for foreigners to recognize. Yet it can be precisely this training that makes Egyptians a number of the most charming and beneficial of hosts. By understanding the culture and with consideration for your hosts, it is possible to be a welcome guest in Egypt.
Woman Traveling Alone:
In Egypt, a woman traveling alone is normally secure, but she is going to be noticed, much less in significant cities than inside the country. Even so, if troubles do happen, seek support from the police or any shop nearby. Despite the fact that you almost certainly will in no way be accosted, take basic precautions as you’d anywhere: do not walk in deserted areas alone. Despite the fact that most invitations are innocent, do not accept them from strangers.
Significant tourism mosques are open to the public unless services are in progress (the major service is on Friday at noon). Other mosques aren’t. Maintain in mind that a mosque differs from a western church in that Christian churches are regarded as houses of God, even though mosques are far more a gathering location for the faithful of Islam. Unless otherwise posted, tickets to some that have been restored are sold by the caretaker for about LE3-6. All visitors to mosques, mausoleums, and madrasas ought to eliminate their shoes. Most Muslims walk around in their stockings but those mosques which are significant tourist attractions have canvas overshoes offered; a tip of 50PT to LE1 is in order for the individuals who put them on for you. Females ought to cover bare arms and really should also have a hat.
Crime and Drugs:
Crime in Egypt is practically nonexistent, and violence is normally limited to family members feuds. Even so, in tourism areas some pickpockets and petty thieves may well exists, so be careful and don’t forget that the ever beneficial tourism police are normally nearby. Females ought to be cautious, specially in out-lying areas. Remain entirely away from drugs and leave yours at property.
Calendars and Public Holidays:
The organization and secular community in Egypt operates under the Western (Gregorian) calendar (BC/AD). But other calendars have official status in Egypt. The Islamic calendar (AH), utilised to fix religious observances, is based on a lunar cycle of 12 months of 9 or 30 days. The Muslim year is therefore 11 days shorter than the year based on the Gregorian calendar and months move forward accordingly. Inside the Gregorian calendar, as an example, April is constantly inside the spring, but inside the Muslim calendar all months move by way of all seasons in a 33-year cycle. The Coptic calendar (AM) is based on a solar cycle and consists of 12 months of 30 days and 1 month of five days. Every single four years a sixth day is added to the shorter month. An adaptation of the Coptic calendar is utilised by a lot of farmers for planting and harvesting crops. It can be utilised by the authorities of the Coptic Orthodox Church. The following are months for the Muslim and Coptic calendars
Public Holidays: January 7th is the Coptic Christmas, February 22nd is the Union Day, April 25th is Sinai Liberation Day, May well 1st is Labor Day, June 18th is The Evacuation Day, July 1st is the Bank Holiday, July 23rd is the Revolution Day, September 11th is the Coptic New Year, October 6th is The Armed Forces Day
Official Cultural Events:
Cairo has been the entertainment capitol of the Arab World for far more than a century. It is possible to tell in case you had been there in the course of New Year’s Night. The whole city looks like 1 massive party. Cars and men and women walking inside the streets until the next day. Either poor or rich, everybody is cheerful and attempting to have enjoyable on the last night of the year. Thousands of Arabs, from North Africa along with the Middle East, fly to Cairo for that unique night. Beginning the year is the International Book Fair sponsored by the General Egyptian Book Organization at the Madinat Nasr Exhibition Grounds in Cairo. It can be a three-week affair with displays by foreign and local publishers. Also in January is the International Documentary and Short Film Festival sponsored by the Ministry of Culture. February has two intriguing observances. The very first is often a gift from the ancient Egyptians. In Abu Simbel the ascension of Ramsses II to the throne of ancient Egypt is celebrated on February 22. Ramsses ordered the temple built in such a way that on this day the sun penetrated into the inner sanctuary of the temple lighting his statue inside. The second event is the International Fishing Tournament held at Hurghada on the Red Sea. Sponsored by many associations along with the Ministry of Tourism, this event welcomes fishermen from around the globe. March heralds the spring along with the Annual Flower Show at the Orman Gardens, Sharia Giza, in Giza. It can be accompanied by the International Children’s Film Festival, sponsored by the Ministry of Culture. The hot summer has small to give inside the way of festivals, but September and October are busy months. A new festival is the Alexandrians of the World Festival: the cities bearing that name (you can find over 40 inside the world) join inside the four-day celebration held in Alexandria, Egypt. The second yearly celebration at Abu Simbel, this time commemorating the birth of Ramsses II, occurs in October. Every single year in October the Alexandria Mediterranean Biennale delivers a amazing venue for artists. Toward the end of the month is the annual commemoration of the Battle of Al Alamein, with services conducted by both former Allied and former Axis countries. In Ismailia, the International Folk Festival is attended by participants from all over the world. And then there is certainly the Pharaoh’s Rally, an 11-day, 2,900 mile (four,700 km) daredevil motor vehicle race by way of the deserts of Egypt. November hosts the Egyptian Arabian Horse show, with fine Arabian horses on display, along with the International Children’s Book Fair at the Madinat Nasr Exhibition Grounds, even though December is high-lighted by the International Film Festival. Details of these events are normally advertised in local English language publications which includes Cairo Right now, Locations in Egypt, and Cairo’s, all offered at bookstores throughout the country.
Egyptian summers are hot and dry in most of the country and humid inside the Delta and along the Mediterranean Coast. In recent years the humidity has spread to Cairo along with the city swelters in August. Winters are mild with some rain, but normally you can find bright, sunny days and cold nights. There’s a short spring and autumn and in the course of the 50 days (khamseen) between the end of March and mid-May, dust storms can happen sporadically.
Foods and Drinks:
In Egypt, dining out can range from stand-up sandwich bars to luxurious five-course meals. It is possible to uncover modest, inexpensive establishments that serve very good Egyptian food for only some pounds. If you are in a hurry, attempt the local snack bars. Even though the cubbyholes off the street (which almost certainly have running water) are normally secure. The bigger cities even have Western-style fast-food chains like McDonald’s and Kentucky Fried Chicken, but they’re reasonably high-priced. In cities both food and water are secure despite the fact that the alter within your diet plan may well create short-term gastrointestinal upsets.
Despite the fact that Egyptian eating habits may well appear erratic, most natives start the day having a light breakfast of beans (or bean cakes), eggs, and/or pickles, cheeses, and jams. Most families eat their significant, starchy lunch around 1400-1700 and follow it having a siesta. They may well take a British-style tea at 17:00 or 18:00 and eat a light supper (typically leftovers from lunch) late inside the evening. Dinner parties, even so, are scheduled late, typically no earlier than 2100, with the meal served an hour or two later. In restaurants lunch is generally 13:00-16:00, dinner 20:00-24:00.
In Egypt, as inside the rest of the world, restaurants are only as very good as the cooks they employ, and cooks appear to be continually changing. For existing data on the most beneficial restaurants, the expatriate community is unbeatable, along with the magazine Cairo Right now consists of monthly guidelines listing locations to attempt, and publishes an annual dining guide. Most establishments use native ingredients and will give fruits and vegetables in season. Menus are in both Arabic and English except in Alexandria, where they’re in Arabic and French. In significant restaurants, the maitre d’hotel will speak English, French, and probable German, Italian, or Greek. These establishments serve a mixture of international cuisine but typically incorporate Egyptian or Middle Eastern fare too. Most hotels also maintain 24-hour coffee shops. A lot of of the smaller, Egyptian-style restaurants specialize in simple meat and fava-bean dishes. They’re basic and inexpensive. Waiters speak small English, so use your phrase book.
Throughout Egypt, small stand-up shops dispense the Egyptian version of the quickly food. Most of these shops in significant cities are clean and give fast, inexpensive, and nutritious meals. Most shops have beneficial staff, but in the course of their busy times you might need to push your way into the pack of Egyptians to obtain waited on. It is possible to get roasted chickens that the shop will season for you. It is possible to also get shawirma (Gyros), lamb cooked on a vertical split, offered most of the day.