Posted by on Feb 9, 2013 in Hindu | 0 comments

Cambodia has many Hindu temples dating back to thousands of years.There are many ways for you to explore Cambodia, the nation of Hindu temples and famous Angkor.

Hinduism was the very first religion influencing Cambodia. It flourished alongside Buddhism in the 1st century until the 14th century, during Funan and pre-Angkorian period. The famous ancient capital from the legend Khmer Empire – Angkor Wat may be the largest Hindu temple in the world. It had worshipped Vishnu, the final God in the Vaishnavite tradition of Hinduism. However, within the Angkor Era, Hinduism was superseded by Buddhism and contains become a Buddhist temple.

Famous Hindu Temple in Cambodia

Angkor Wat

Angkor Wat (or Angkor Vat) is a temple at Angkor, Cambodia, the largest and best-preserved temple at Angkor, it’s the only one to have remained a substantial religious centre- first Hindu, then Buddhist- since its foundation. The temple may be the epitome of the high classical type of Khmer architecture. It has become a symbol of Cambodia, appearing on its national flag, which is the country’s prime attraction for visitors drawn by its architecture, its extensive bas-reliefs and also the numerous devatas adorning its walls.

The traditional city of Angkor sat at the center from the once powerful Khmer Empire of Southeast Asia. Located north of Tonle Sap Lake in Cambodia, the main city city flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries. The royal family abandoned the town in the 15th century, and also the city was swallowed through the surrounding jungle, though never entirely abandoned. Now a global Heritage Site, the ruins from the ancient city cover some 400 square kilometers. Angkor continues to be called one of the most important archeological sites in Southeast Asia through the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), and also the vestige of its prosperity can be found in the Angkor ruins.
The most famous site in Angkor is Angkor Wat, an enormous temple complex built by Suryayarman II in early 12th century to honor the Hindu god Vishnu. The temple complex is clearly visible within the above image as the small black frame just beneath the image center. The frame is made by a 190-meter wide causeway, which encircles three galleries and five central shrines that tower as much as 65 meters. The entire complex occupies a place of 1.5 x 1.3 kilometers.

Towards the north of Angkor Wat is the larger square of Angkor Thom, the interior royal city built in the 12th century. The now dry moat around Angkor Thom continues to be visible as a pale pink square cut with the surrounding green vegetation. Inside the square is a palace, homes for priests and government officials, and government administration buildings.

Banteay Srei

Banteay Srei Temple

Banteay Srei Temple

Banteay Srei, or the Temple of Women, continues to be called a jewel of Khmer art. Its great reliefs depict many mythological Hindu events such as the duel between the monkey princes, Bali and Sugreeva; Narasimha’s slaying from the demon Hiranyakasipu; and the burning of Khandava Forest.

Banteay Srei is exclusive among Angkor’s noble temples since it was built by a wealthy courtier and scholar who served being an advisor to the Cambodian king, and never the monarch himself. Banteay Srei was focused on the Hindu god, Siva in 967; the temple thus remains considerably older than the other Angkor sites.

The causes, buildings and layout at Banteay Srei are small, contrasting using the monumental scale of Angkor Wat and Angkor Thom. As the buildings may be compact, they do not feel crowded, and the structural layout improves the narrative relief carvings covering Banteay Srei’s red sandstone walls and passageways.

Beng Melea, Angkor

Beng Melea temple

Beng Melea Temple

Beng Melea, an Angkor temple 37 miles east of Siem Reap, is probably the best place to feel like Lara Croft or Indiana Jones. Here you are able to clamber around the crumbling stones of the “undiscovered” and mysterious temple that’s been reclaimed by the jungle. Long a secret enclave for temple buffs and just recently cleared of land mines, Beng Melea is steadily attracting more traffic.

Beng Melea temple has three gallery walls along with a moat at the entrance. The interior temple area is a huge pile of rubble, ideal for climbing around and exploring. There is a movie recently filmed here and also the filmmakers left their ramps, which makes it a bit easier to get around.

The east entrance is closed due to many fallen rocks, but enter simply to the right of the main entrance to check out the relief images from the god of fire over the first door while you approach the gallery through the first ramp, then a picture of a three-headed elephant born from the mythical Churning of the Ocean of Milk (the Hindu creation legend). A little library is inside this primary gallery area. From here, plunge in to the temple center.

The platform path in the center leads through a covered, dark gallery. Between sections, you will need to do some clambering and rock hopping – be cautious about the slippery moss. The path exits the alternative (west) side of the temple, and after that you can either wend your way back through, carrying out a different course to the rocks, or walk round the outside.