Find out the hidden & interesting secrets beyond your mind that are mysterious behind the history of heritage landmarks of india.
Ancient monuments in India found all around because of its rich historic past. Stories and legends are told about the great monuments in India. India has a vast culture, interesting facts and the revelations are marvelous. As one looks at the beauty of Taj Mahal, we can just see the love Emperor Shah Jahan had for his wife. The work of Ustad Isa Khan, the architect who designed this piece is exquisite. This is surely one of the best heritage sites in India. The red fort, golden temple in amritsar are wonderful landmarks of india that offer you a great view of indian history.
With their elaborate superfluities and wonderful architecture, Indian monuments represent one of the most outstanding facets of the multi-faceted Indian culture. An architectural feat in itself, each Indian monument is a remarkably splendid sample of unbelievable artistry, covering a sense of mystery, deception and romance. Be it the marvel in white marble, the spellbinding Taj Mahal; or the red stone splendor, the magnificent Red Fort; or the magnificence of temple art of Khajuraho, Konark and Hampi , there is evident the master craftsmanship and elegance, that brings to the forefront the splendor of the bygone era. Monuments are witnesses of India’s past; the monuments of India are also the guardian pillars of India’s cultural heritage. The monuments of India have become an inspiration for the future generations.
India’s most emblematic monument, the Taj Mahal, is probably one of the best known structures in the world. Built in white marble by Emperor Shah Jahan, in memory of his wife Mumtaz after her death, the Taj Mahal is famous world over as the monument of love. A Unesco World Heritage Site, the Taj Mahal is shrouded in myth and there have been many legends which have cropped up over the years. Here are ten interesting facts about this world famous monument:
Historical Facts About the Taj Mahal
- The construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632 and was completed in 1653. It took a total of twenty two years to complete the construction of this monument.
- The architecture of the Taj Mahal is a combination of Indian, Persian and Islamic styles of architecture.
- The name of the architect of the Taj Mahal is Ahmed Lahauri.
- The Taj Mahal was Shah Jahan’s imagination of Mumtaz’s home in paradise.
- Around 20,000 people worked day and night for twenty two years to complete construction of the Taj Mahal.
- The cost of construction of the Taj Mahal was around Rs.320 million.
- The Taj Mahal was constructed using the best quality marble from Rajasthan, Tibet, Afghanistan and China.
- At different times of the day the Taj Mahal appears to be in a different colour. Some believe that these changing colours depict the changing moods of a woman.
- The Taj Mahal is one of the wonders of the world and is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- There was a popular myth that Shah Jahan was planning to construct a black Taj Mahal across the Yamuna, this is not true.
- Another popular myth around the Taj Mahal is that after the construction of the Taj Mahal, Shah Jahan cut off the hands of all the workers so that such a structure could not be built again. Fortunately, this is not true.
- The Taj Mahal has a mosque in its premises, which is why the Taj Mahal is closed on Fridays and only those going for customary prayers are permitted inside the Taj Mahal.
- Shah Jahan approached the Taj Mahal on a boat which would sail down the River Yamuna which ran behind the Taj Mahal.
- By the late 19th century, the Taj Mahal had been defaced by the British soldiers who chiseled out precious stones from the walls of the monument. At the end of the 19th century, British Viceroy, Lord Curzon, ordered a restoration of the monument and also gifted a large lamp which hangs in the interior chambers of the Taj Mahal.
In close proximity to the gardens of Taj Mahal, stands the important 16th century Mughal heritage monuments known as the Red Fort of Agra. This powerful fortress of red sandstone, encompasses within its 2.5 km long enclosure walls, the imperial city of the Mughal rulers. It comprises many fairytale palaces such as the Jahangir Palace and the Khas Mahal built by Shah Jahan, audience halls such as the Diwan-e-Khas and two magnificent mosques. An immense mausoleum of white mabble built in Agra between 1631 and 1648, by an order of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favourite wife Mumtaz Mahal, the Taj Mahal is the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of World heritage.
Buland Darwaza or the loft gateway was built by the great Mughal emperor, Akbar in 1601 A.D. at Fatehpur Sikri. Akbar built the Buland Darwaza to commemorate his victory over Gujarat. The Buland Darwaza is approached by 42 steps. The Buland Darwaza is 53.63m high and 35 meters wide.
The Charminar in Hyderabad was constructed in 1591 by Mohammed Quli Qutab Shah. He built the Charminar to mark the end of plague in the Hyderabad city. Since the construction of the Charminar, the Hyderabad city has almost become synonymous with the monument. The Charminar is a massive and impressive structure with four minarets.
Things to know about Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly known as Victoria Terminus, is an outstanding example of Victorian Terminus, is an outstanding example of Victorian Gothic Revival architecture in India, blended with themes derived from Indian traditional architure. The building, designed by British architect F.W. Stevens, became the symbol of Mumbai as the ‘Gothic City’ and a major international mercantile port of India. The terminal was built over ten years, starting in 1878, according to a High Victorian Gothic design based on late medieval Italian models. Its remarkable stone dome, turrets, pointed arches and ecentric ground plan are close to traditional Indian palace architecture and one of the heritage monuments.
Facts about Red Fort
- Initially was called ShahJahanabad for obvious reasons, named after its creator, Shah Jahan
- It was apparently the 7th City of Delhi, assuming it is the 7th avatar of this historic city.
- Tourists enter, and for that matter the Prime Minister addresses the nation from a place interestingly called, the Lahore Gate. There is a Delhi Gate too, but it is its poorer and lesser known cousin. No less well crafted and grand, it is at the left side of the fort when you enter through the Lahore Gate. Most people miss it, but its worth a look.
- Interesting observation, the tricolor flutters atop the Lahore Gate.
- Aurangazeb’s private place of Worship, is the moti masjid, make sure you read the information stones, they’re quite interesting!
- The buildings East India Company built inside the fort was where, armed forces officers who defected to the Indian National Army were tried, courtmarshalled and sentenced.
- Red Fort was the place where the famed peacock throne and the kohinoor diamond were located, only to be looted by the many invaders, significantly the British.
Popular India Gate
India Gate, situated on the Raj Path in New Delhi, was built to memorialize the 70,000 Indian soldiers who lost their lives during the First World War, fighting for the British army. The India Gate also bears the name of 13,516 British and Indian soldiers killed during the third Afghanistan war, 1919. The foundation stone of India Gate was laid down by the Duke of Connaught in the year 1921 and was designed by the famous British architect, Edward Lutyens.