Posted by on Aug 24, 2012 in Heritage | 0 comments

Aurangabad - Ajanta Ellora Historical Caves of India

Introduction of Ajanta-Ellora

In India, caves of Ajanta Ellora attract many travelers all parts of the world. Ajanta Ellora are temples which are chiseled from rocks. These caves represent the magnificent architectural splendor of ancient India.
Ajanta and Ellora caves sit near the town of Aurangabad in Maharashtra. A special feature of those shrines is that they are cut out from living rocks, meaning the formation of the rocks continues to be going on.
It was in 1819 that these wonderful caves of Ajanta Ellora were found. A British Army Officer named John Smith discovered these caves as he was on the hunting expedition.

Ajanta Ellora Caves

All about Ajanta Caves

Located insidewithin all the Sahayadri hill region, Ajanta Caves really are a beauty to visit. The caves provide beautiful depiction of Buddhist Jatakas. These Jatakas really are a string of stories about reincarnation of Lord Budhha. You will find about 29 caves in Ajanta. In ancient times, due to their secluded locations, these were utilized by the Buddhist monks for religious practices. Cave paintings are another feature of the Ajanta Caves. They are masterpiece work created using hammer and chisel as tools. Well-known cave paintings at this magnificent tourist destination include Avalokiteshvara, Boddhisattvas and Padmapani. Images and sculptures of the great Budhha too count noticing. You can also find images of nymphs and princesses on the walls of the caves.

All about Ellora Caves

You will find about 34 caves in Ellora. These are found 30 kilometers from Aurangabad. The caves provide architecture with interesting interiors depicting the faiths of Buddhism, Jainism and Hinduism. You will find structures that were carved from rocks and created during 350 – 700 AD. From the 34 caves at Ellora, 5 caves in northern part fit in with Jainism, 12 caves in the southern part fit in with Buddhism and of the remaining 17 caves fit in with Hinduism faith. At the Buddhist caves, you’ll find sculptures of Lord Buddha, which give the exact picture of the great saint. At cave 10 and 6 you’ll find pictures and depictions from the faith of Buddhism and Hinduism. There’s a cave dedicated to Lord Vishvakarma. It’s a Vihara as well as Chaitya. This has the sculpture of the great saint seated in the stupa. There are more images depicting joy and celebrations.

Major Tourist Attractions in Ajanta Ellora Caves

The Ajanta Caves which depict the history for Buddhism between 200 BC to 650 AD happen to be designated as a World Heritage Site.The caves were mainly built like a worshipping and residing place for the Buddhist monks.The beautifully carved sculptures and paintings on the walls of those structures depict Buddha’s life and also his lives in the previous births as detailed in the allegorical Jataka tales. Other images for example court scenes, street scenes, animals and birds are also ornately done.Five of the caves are chaityas or prayer halls and the rest are viharas or monasteries.

Ajanta Ellora Caves In Aurangabad – The caves which aren’t numbered chronologically but in terms of access present the thoughts of two different schools of Buddhist followers, the Hinayana who depicted Buddha in the type of symbols like the stupa, a set of footprints or perhaps a throne and the Mahayana sect which gave Buddha a human form.

In olden days, each cave was accessed from the riverfront by individual staircases whereas now a terraced path continues to be built for tourists.

The Ellora caves, one of the finest specimens of ancient Indian culture, are carved from a basaltic hill, 30 km from Aurangabad.Unlike the Ajanta caves, the Ellora caves remained a primary attraction for people over centuries, largely simply because they lay on a more frequented route. From the 34 caves, 12 are Buddhist lying on the far right, 17 are Hindu in the centre and 5 on the left are Jain caves. Much less far away in terms of distance from Ajanta, the Ellora caves are known more for his or her architecture rather than sculptural aesthetics, as in the case of the Ajanta caves.

The Buddhist Cave 12 or the Tin Tala is really a three storeyed structure which is very simple looking with unadorned pillars and the sculptured panels only on the inside walls, nevertheless its value lies in the fact that it had been carved out of solid rock completely by human hands using simple stone tools.

Another major attraction of the Ellora caves is the Kailasa temple or cave 16 that is the largest monolithic structure in the world, believed to happen to be started by the Rashtrakuta king Krishna I.

Grishneshwar :

Though there are numerous tourist attractions in Ajantha Ellora Caves, the very famous spot is Grishneshwar that is the Shiva Temple is one of the twelve holy Jyotirlings of Lord Shiva, spread across the country. The temple situated a kilometer from the caves is deeply revered by the Hindus.

Khuldabad :

Situated far away of 3 km from the Ellora caves, the little capital of scotland – Khuldabad is a holy place for the Deccan Muslims. It’s also the final resting place of the Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb.

Daulatabad :

The another essential tour spot is Daulatabad, whihc is the hill fort of Daulatabad, a stronghold of the Hindu dynasty of the Yadavas can be found about 13 km from Ellora. Earlier referred to as Devgiri, it was renamed Daultabad by Sultan Mohammad Bin Tughlaq in the 12th century.

Best Time for you to Visit Ajanta Ellora and Related Tourist Information

Tourists can click on the beautiful caves of Ajanta Ellora round the year. From 9 in the morning to 5.30 in the evening the caves remain open because of its visitors. On Tuesdays the caves of Ellora remain closed. The caves of Ajanta are closed on Mondays. Photography isn’t allowed inside the caves.
The foreigners visiting the Ajanta Caves are charged an entry of $10. Free is taken to visit the caves of Ellora. But to go to the Kailasa Temple, a foreigner is required to pay a quantity of $5. Children only above the chronilogical age of 15 are required to pay entry fees to go to Ajanta Ellora. From Indian tourists, a quantity of Rs 10 is taken as entry fee to Ajanta Caves.

How to Reach Ajanta & Ellora Caves:

  • By Air : Chikalthana Airport located at Aurangabad (106 km) is the nearest airport. It’s connected through regular flights with all of major Indian cities including Mumbai, Delhi, Jaipur and Udaipur.
  • By Rail : Jalgaon (59 km) is the nearest railhead where express trains are available to reach Mumbai and Delhi. Aurangabad is yet another important railway station which connects to any or all the major cities of the country including Mumbai, Delhi, Agra and Bhopal.
  • By Road : The Tourist Attractions in Ajanta Ellora Caves could be accessed via Aurangabad which is well attached to all neighbouring cities by state run buses.