Indian dance has a quite wealthy tradition. The tradition of Indian classical and folk dance has been thoroughly discussed in Natya Shastra, the oldest surviving text of the world on stagecraft. In the earlier days of the theatre, dancers mimed the story as well as the singers sang the dialogue using the instrumentalists accompanying them. Though the singers and also the instrumentalists played important roles, it was the dancers who occupied a central position. Traditionally, a lot of of these dancers had been attached towards the Indian temples. Even right now, numerous the themes of Indian classical dance are mythological in nature.
Being a vast country, the different areas of India have given their own color to this ancient classical tradition. Some of the acknowledged classical styles consist of Kuchipudi of Andhra Pradesh, Bharatnatyam of Tamil Nadu, Odissi from Orissa, Kathakali of Kerala, Kathak from Pakistan as well as north India, and Manipuri of Northeast India. There are several other styles such as Mohiniaattam from Kerala as well as Sattriya from Assam. All these classical dancing types have a strong regional connection. Even so, none of them could be named the representative of the whole subcontinent.
Kuchipudi: This Indian dance form is from the state of Andhra Pradesh. It has derived it’s name from a small village of Krishna district, where the resident Brahmins practice this standard dance type. The movements of this form are rounded, scintillating as well as quicksilver, as well as fleet-footed. It really is performed with classical Carnatic music. The specialty of Kuchipudi is Tarangam, where the dancers carry out upon a brass plate, placing their feet upon its raised edges.
Bharatnatyam: This dance form is accompanied by classical Tamil music as well as is inspired by the ancient sculptures of the temple of Chidambaram. The tactics of this Indian dance include abhinaya or natya, which could be the dramatic art of story-telling; nritta, the pure dance movements; and nritya, which is a combination of nritta and abhinaya.
Odissi: This classical dance type existed from the traditions of Nartaki, a dance that took location in royal courts; Mahari, who were Orissan devadasis in the temple of Jagganath, Puri; as well as Gotipua, exactly where young boys had been dressed as girls. This dance consists of Mangalacharan, Battu Nrutya, Moksha, Pallavi, Abhinaya, and Dashavataar.
Kathakali: It originated from a style of dance-drama known as Ramanattam. This dance also follows several of the tactics of Krishnanattam. Kathakali derived it’s name from two Malayalam words meaning story and performance.
Kathak: This dance type originated from northern India and traces it’s history towards the nomadic bards named kathakas. It has derived it’s name from the Sanskrit word katha that signifies “story”. The types as well as methods of this dance differ depending upon the major gharanas or schools.