These Historical Monuments are the only wealth of Indian tourism along with other World Heritage Sites and Nature tourism places like wild parks and ancient temples of south India.
There are lots of historical monuments in India worth visiting. Here are the must visit top historical monuments in India.
Famous Historical Monument:
Victoria Memorial, one of India’s most beautiful monuments, represent a unique combination of classical European architecture and Mughal motifs. The domed and white marble museum sprawls over 64 acres and is set in a landscaped garden at the southern side of the Kolkata’s maidan (ground) near Jawaharlal Nehru Road.
Hawa Mahal stands upright as the entrance to the City Palace, Jaipur. An important landmark in the city, Hawa Mahal is an epitome of the Rajputana architecture. The splendid five-storey “Palace of the Winds” is a blend of beauty and splendor much close to Rajasthan’s culture. Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh built Hawa Mahal in 1779. The pyramid shape of this ancient monument is a tourist attraction having 953 small windows.
Taj Mahal, the pinnacle of Mughal architecture, was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan (1628-1658), grandson of Akbar the great, in the memory of his queen Arjumand Bano Begum, entitled ‘Mumtaz Mahal’. Mumtaz Mahal was a niece of empress Nur Jahan and granddaughter of Mirza Ghias Beg I’timad-ud-Daula, wazir of emperor Jehangir. She was born in 1593 and died in 1631, during the birth of her fourteenth child at Burhanpur. Her mortal remains were temporarily buried in the Zainabad garden. Six months later, her body was transferred to Agra to be finally enshrined in the crypt of the main tomb of the Taj Mahal. The Taj Mahal is the mausoleum of both Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan.
Qutub-ud-din Aibak laid the foundation for Qutub Minar in 1199 AD and his successor and son-in-law Shamsu’d-Din- Iitutmish completed the structure by adding three more stories. Standing at 72.5 meters, it is the highest stone tower in India. Its base diameter is 14.3 meters and its top diameter is 2.7 meters. It has 379 steps leading to its top story. The lower three stories are made using red sand stone and the top two with marble and sand stone.
Konark Sun Temple
The most renowned temple of India Konark sun temple is a 13th century sun temple located in Odisha. It was constructed from oxidized sandstone by King Narasimhadeva but there exist some legendary stories about it that it was indeed constructed by the son of Lord Krishna and Jambvati called Samba. Legends say that he suffered a deadly disease which he was cured of by Surya, the Sun God, after 12 years of suffering and in his honour he built this magnificent Temple. Well whatever the truth maybe but after so many years this temple is still as magnificent as it might have been hundreds of years ago and now has been recognized as a world heritage site and serves as great tourist spot.
The Mahabodhi Temple or Great Awakening Temple is a Buddhist temple located in the Gaya district of Bihar state. Mahabodhi Mahavihara Bodhgaya Temple is one of the ancient and most important shrines of Buddhist in India. The site contains a Mahabodhi Tree,Lord Buddha stupa and the monastery called Bodhimanda Vihara. Mahabodhi Temple is count on one of the 7 wonders of India.Nalanda is another Historic Monuments site in the state.
Constructed in 1591, Char minar is a mosque built by Mohammed Quli Qutb Shah and is located in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. One theory is that Qutb Shah prayed to the gods to the end of a plague which was ravaging his city at that time and if his will be done he promised to build a Mosque at the very place where he prayed. Other theory says in the event of beginning of the second Islamic millennium year which was being celebrated in the far Islamic world, Qutb Shah founded the Hyderabad city to celebrate the event of millennium year with the construction of Charminar while according to the book “Days of the Beloved” charminar was built in 1589, on the place where Qutb first saw his wife to be queen Bhagmati and after her conversion to Islam, he renamed the city as “Hyderabad”, but soon this theory was discarded by the historians.