The beautiful building and tourist attraction of delhi, the red fort, is great symbol of reminder for the magnificent power and pomp of the Mughal emperors.
India offers many building and monuments that has historical significance. Delhi is the most popular place, has lots of famous forts in india. The ‘red fort or lal qila’ is one among them. Characterizing both, the magnificent past of India as well as the future of her sovereignty, the Red Fort is one of the most symbolic features of the Indian capital. Built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan around 1638 and 1648, the Red Fort today is a busy market-place called the Meena Bazaar, selling a host of wares. The Red sandstone walls of the massive Red Fort (Lal Qila) rise 33-m above the clamour of Old Delhi as a reminder of the magnificent power and pomp of the Mughal emperors.
Ancient center for kingdom and Imperialism
Evidences tell us the historical story and facts about it’s strategic importance for wars. The red fort was the best center for mugal rulers and kings for their kingdom. A historian’s paradise, Delhi is home to a phase of history that speaks out from every nook and corner of the ancient city. The memories of the glorious age of the Mughal rulers is still alive in the city, with most of their architectural glories still standing as mute witnesses of the era gone by.
Red Fort or Lal Quila as it is more popularly known is a masterpiece of architecture and one of the most haunting spots for tourists from both India and abroad.
The foundation stone of this massive citadel was laid in 1639 and it was completed after nine years in 1648. Designed by the Mughal architects Ustad Hamid & Ahmad, Red Fort is an important symbolic monument of India even today. Every year on The Independence Day (15th August) The Prime Minister of India hoists The National Flag and addresses the nation, from the ramparts of The Red Fort.
To the north, a bridge of 900 mtrs by 550 mtrs, connects the fort with Salimgarh. It is said that the cost of construction of the whole fort, including the magnificent palaces and other buildings that the fort contains, was around 1 crore rupees in the Mughal period. However, during the First War of Independence of 1857, the British army occupied The Red Fort, and demolished more than 75 percent of the fort.
A number of palaces and other structures were razed and massive barracks for soldiers were constructed inside The Red fort, thereby diminishing the overall elegance and beauty of this imposing stronghold. Though much has changed after 1857, the remaining structures in the fort still reflect the zenith of technical excellence of the craftsmen of Mughal Times. Until recently the Indian army was stationed within Red Fort but now the Archaeological Survey of India maintains the entire complex.
The remaining palaces lie along the eastern side of the fort, with two three-storeyed main gateways located at the center of the western and southern walls. These gates are known as Lahore Gate and Delhi Gate.
Panoramic view of the Fort
Lahore Gate the main gateway to magnificent Red Fort got its name from Lahore City now in Pakistan. The gate leads to the Chandni Chalk often referred as a Meena Bazaar, a fabulous market that houses the Delhi’s most ingenious craftsmen, jewelers, carpet weavers and goldsmiths. This gallery was the shopping center for the royal ladies of the court. Naubat Khana is a small structure inside the premises where the court musicians used to play music for the emperor.
The Fort also houses the Diwan-i-Am or the Hall of Public Audiences, where the Emperor perched on a marbled throne engraved with precious gems and stones hearing to the complains of the public. The Diwan-i-Khas is the hall of Private Audiences, where the Emperor held personal rendezvous. This hall was contrived in marble, adorned with the masterpiece called the Peacock Throne. The throne was studded with rubies and gems and was taken away by Nadir Shah to Iran in 1739. Today, the Diwan-i-Khas is a blanched semblance of its primeval eminence. The poetry of Amir Khusro marked on walls remind us of this bygone royalty “ If there is Paradise on the face of earth, it is here, it is here, it is here” reminds us of its former glory.”
Some of the other attractions
The Royal Baths or hammams, the Moti Masjid or the Pearl Mosque, built by Aurangzeb for his personal use, the Shahi Burj, which used to be Shahjahan’s personal working area and The Rang Mahal retaining an amazing Lotus shaped fountain carved out of a single piece of marble also housed the Emperor’s wives.
Other Interesting Facts
- Red Fort is a UNESCO heritage site in the city of Old Delhi.
- The huge Red Fort complex gives the height of Mughal Emperors taste and architecture.
- The Red Fort was built after Taj Mahal.
- The construction was started in 1638 and the construction was completed in ten years in 1648.
- At the Mughal time, the Red Fort was a Royal city in itself.
- The Red Fort was upto the mark and it satisfies the Mughal standard of courts. There were two main audience chambers inside the RedFort.
- Diwaan-i-aam was the hall for public audience where the emperor listens to the problems of the general public.
- Diwaan-i-Khaas was the hall for private audience inside the fort which was the meeting hall for the private consultations between the emperors and his guests and foreign ambassadors of that time. The ceiling of diwaan-i-khaas in Mughal times was made up of gold and silver.
- The peacock throne which was made in a duration of seven years was also placed in the hall for private audience; Diwaan-i-Khaas. It was studded with jewels by bucket load.
- There were six royal palaces inside the Red Fort. The Mumtaz Mahal is a museum now and the Rang Mahal is now an art gallery. Both of these palaces depict a picture of Mughal era and their lifestyles. The paintings and the artifacts inside the Rang Mahal and Mumtaz Mahal gives a view of Mughals dynasty.
- The Khaas Mahal has great history. It is a set of three apartments for the emperors. There is an apartment for the purpose of eating, the second one is for worshipping and the third one is for the purpose of sleeping.