The Historical places in Greece and the Greek islands date from all time periods, from the Mycenaean and the Classical times till the Medieval and Modern Era. You will find bellow a list with the most important historical monuments in Greece.
Greece is one of the most popular historical tourist places in the world. With over sixty inhabited islands, historic sites that span four millennia, idyllic beaches and towering mountain ranges there is a wide variety of tourist attractions in Greece to explore.
Greece ancient ruins, whitewashed villages, sunny beaches, tasty cuisine and friendly atmosphere, it is no wonder that Greece ranks among Europe’s top travel destinations. Greece is made up of a mountainous mainland and hundreds of islands where each one offers its own share of stunning landscapes, historic sites, nightlife scenes and cultural delights. An overview of the best historical places to visit in Greece. Greece is well known for a lot of things sunshine, beautiful beaches but also for its incredible historical sites. From castles to ancient temples, this is one country that’s absolutely heaving with imposing structures and ancient architecture that has stood the test of time, both on the mainland and on the islands.
Greece is a country rich in ancient history. Visiting Greece can be overwhelming if you don’t know where to start. The culture and landscapes of Greece consistently draw in visitors from around the world. Information about the most important hostorical monuments Greece and the Greek islands Acropolis in Athens, Ancient Delphi, Knossos Palace in Crete, Ancient Epidaurus, Dion, Ancient Dodona, Ancient Olympia, Mycenae, Mystras and more.
Famous places in Greece
The entire tiny Greek island of Delos is an archaeological site that has been continuously excavated since 1872. The birthplace of Zeus’s son, Apollo, Delos is a sanctuary dedicated to Apollo that has attracted visitors for centuries. Delos was also the birthplace of Artemis and ancient Greece’s religious center. The partial excavation of the ancient site in Delos has unearthed several famous landmarks. The most famous landmarks on Delos are the Sanctuary of Apollo, several agoras, or places of assembly and the famous Terrace of the Lions, marble lion statues dedicated to Apollo.
The Greek word meteora means “suspended in the air,” and this phrase aptly describes the spectacular cliffs that rise more than 1,200 feet (366 meters) into the air overlooking the villages of Kalambaka and Kastraki in the north central mainland of Greece. What makes these cliffs even more inspiring are the historic monasteries perched along the summits. Dating back to the 14th and 16th centuries, these monasteries were built by monks seeking spiritual isolation and freedom from religious persecution.
The archaeological site of Olympia continues to be one of Greece’s most famous landmarks because it was the site of the first Olympic Games, in 776 B.C. Olympia was built as a sanctuary to worship Zeus, the father of the Greek gods and goddesses. The Altis, or sanctuary, contains two main temples. You can view the ruins of the Temple of Zeus and the Temple of Hera, who was one of Zeus’s sisters and his wife. The Doric structures of Olympia have influenced architecture throughout history, beginning with temples built in southern Italy and Sicily in the 5th century B.C.
The Acropolis is not a single building but a number of temples build on a hill overlooking Athens. Although there are many Acropolises (the word meaning high city) in Greece we tend to associate the name with the one in Athens. The buildings that survive today are the Parthenon built between, 447 – 438 BC – although the decorative features weren’t completed until 432 BC; the Propylaea constructed around 437 BC; The Temple of Athena Nike between 427 BC and 423 BC; and the Erechtheum which was begun in 421 BC, although work ceased between 414 BC and 409 BC, and was completed in 407 BC.Athens is known as the birth place of democracy when the people of Athens rose up and deposed the tyrant who had ruled them around 500 BC. The person to take over was Cleisthenes who set about reforming the constitution and introduced democracy, consequently he is known as the father of Athenian democracy.
The Parthenon on top of the Acropolis is one of the most famous Greece tourist attractions and a visit to Athens is not complete without visiting this temple. The construction of the Parthenon started in 447 BC, replacing and older temple that was destroyed by the Persians, and completed in 432 BC. During its long life the Parthenon has served as a temple, fortress, a church, a mosque and even as a powder magazine.