The best buildings and monuments in Berlin from different point of view. Berlin hides many secrets which need to be uncovered.
Berlin is one of Europe’s oldest and most historic cities. It has seen more history in the past century alone than many others worldwide have in their lifetime. And while its history has been challenging, the city has persevered and become a major capital for not only 3.5 million people, but also art. There are innumerable reasons to come to this city, but here are the main famous monuments to visit when traveling to Berlin.
Berlin is home to the world famous Memorials of Berlin Opera and Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, while its diverse art scene encompasses hundreds of galleries, events, and museums, including those centered around Museum Island, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Top 6 Monuments of Berlin
Berlin Wall Memorial
The Berlin Wall’s construction in 1961 divided the city for the next three decades, separating families and friends and leaving many citizens living in constant fear. The Wall Memorial is the last standing segment of the wall with the full border strip in place allowing visitors to gain real insight into what the border would have looked like before the wall fell in 1989. The Memorial is divided in to four sections, covering different aspects of its history and the effect it had on the lives of Berlin’s citizens. It is open 7 days a week, from 10am until 6pm. Guided tours and seminars are available for an extra fee, for smartphone users a free online tour guide can be accessed.
When the decision was made to move the Federal Government to Berlin, it was time to reawaken the Reichstag building from its long years of slumber on the Mauerstreifen, the military zone between the two sides of the Wall. The building has since been completely modernised, and today’s visitors to the Reichstag can look out from the building’s glass dome to get a bird’s eye view of the hustle and bustle in the city. There are also a number of government buildings in the vicinity of the Reichstag, for example the Bundeskanzleramt (Federal Chancellery) and the Brandenburg Gate.
The German Cathedral (Berliner Dom) with its magnificent dome is a remarkable example the of late 19th century architecture. Near the Cathedral are also the German Historical Museum and the Museum’s Island. On the side of Berlin’s boulevard “Unter den Linden” stands the Catholic St.Hedwigs-Cathedral.
The Bode Museum is one of the groups of museums on the Museum Island in Berlin and it is a historically preserved building. The museum was designed by architect Ernst von Ihne and completed in 1904. Originally called the Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum after Emperor Frederick III, the museum was renamed in honour of its first curator, Wilhelm von Bode, in 1956.
Berlin Flak Tower
One of the more hidden and obscure monument in Berlin to visit, the Berlin Flak Tower is a World War II anti-aircraft station and bunker which can now be seen via organised tours run by the Berlin Underground Association. Visitors can explore three of the seven floors of the bunker and discover the astounding underground landscape and can stare deep down into the very depths of the building.
The Brandenburg Gate is a former city gate, rebuilt in the late 18th century as a neoclassical triumphal arch, and now one of the most well-known landmarks of Germany. It was commissioned by King Frederick William II of Prussia as a sign of peace and built by Carl Gotthard Langhans from 1788 to 1791. Having suffered considerable damage in World War II, the Brandenburg Gate was fully restored from 2000 to 2002 by the Stiftung Denkmalschutz Berlin (Berlin Monument Conservation Foundation).