Discover historical monuments in London, great selection of historical monuments to go to in this popular tourist destination.
The City of London dates back to the Roman times so there’s no shortage of historic attractions to visit. One of the most impressive and iconic attractions, and one of the most important London landmarks, is the Tower of London. Dating back to 1066 and the Norman Conquest, this historic fortress is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the city as it documents over eight centuries worth of London history from the royal family, to notorious prisoners and politicians. Visit the oldest exhibition in the world, the Line of Kings, to see the armour of the old rulers, as well as the priceless Crown Jewels and Traitor’s Gate. See the legendary ravens hopping around the courtyard, pop into the Jewel Tower and follow a Beefeater Tour to learn of the tales of those who used to live in this historic building.
Famous Monuments in London
Big Ben tower
The clock inside the tower was the world’s largest when it was installed in the middle of the nineteenth century. The name Big Ben actually refers to the clock’s hour bell, the largest of the clock’s five bells. The other four are used as quarter bells.There were two bells cast as the clock tower’s hour bell. A first, sixteen ton weighing bell was cast by John Warner and Sons in 1856. Since the Clock Tower was not yet completed, the bell was hung temporarily in the Palace Yard. The bell soon cracked so it was recast in 1858 in the Whitechapel Bell Foundry as a 13.5 ton bell. Unfortunately soon after this bell was placed in the belfry in July 1859, it cracked as well. This time, instead of yet again recasting the bell, the crack was repaired and a lighter hammer was used to prevent any more cracks.
Buckingham Palace, one of several palaces owned by the British Royal family, is one of the major tourist attractions in London. The Changing of the Guard in front of the palace always attracts plenty of spectators.The original building was constructed as a countryhouse in 1705 by the duke of Buckingham, John Sheffield. King George III bought the house in 1761 for his wife and had it altered by William Chambers.
Nelson’s Column is of honour of Lord Nelson, who was victor in the famous Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. In fact the very square that the monument stands in, is named after the battle hence the name Trafalgar Square. The construction of the statue is unclear but it was between 1840 and 1843. Before the column’s restoration in 2006, despite the claim that the statue reaches 185 feet it was found that the true figure is 169 feet.
The London Eye first started turning in 2000 and remains the world’s tallest cantilevered observation wheel. But wordy technical definitions aside, it’s simply a gloriously over-sized ferris wheel that carries its passengers in space-age pods on a elegantly paced journey to 135 metres up above the Thames and back down again. On a clear day you can see as far as Windsor Castle, 25 miles away.
Tower of London
The Tower of London is a protected national monument that has historically been a palace, fortress and prison. Since 1303, it has also been the home of the Crown Jewels, and it is situated near another iconic monument of London, the famous Tower Bridge. William the Conqueror began construction on the Tower in the 1070s. Building began with the White Tower, which was constructed to inspire awe and fear in William’s enemies and his new English subjects. The White Tower is the unmistakable central building with four turrets, and since the time that it was built, other English monarchs have added other buildings and defenses surrounding it.
the Albert Memorial in Kensington Gardens was unveiled in 1872. This was to commemorate Prince Albert, the husband of Queen Victoria, who died aged 42 of typhoid fever. This is a grand statue that is multi layered. The marbled figures depicts: Europe, Africa, America and Asia and above the marble figures are more figures representing: agriculture, manufacturing, commerce and engineering. Near the top of this stunning statue are gilded bronze statues of angels. Officially named as the Prince Consort National Memorial, this statue is to reflect Prince Albert’s passions as well as Victorian achievements.