Berlin's monuments originate from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The processes of industrialization and urbanization within the last two hundred years
The capital and largest city in Germany, Berlin has among the richest histories of any city within the entire world. It is the second most populous city in Europe, with multiple monuments found all around the city that act as landmarks for important events that happened there throughout the years.
Being the proud German capital, Berlin has a number of noteworthy historical landmarks, which were able to survive the devastation during the time of the Third Reich and WWII. Following the war ended, much restoration work ensued, to make sure that the most salvageable architectural monuments were rescued.
Here listed top five monuments of Berlin:
The Brandenburg Gate
This gate is without a doubt one of the most beautiful monuments in Berlin. Constructed from 1789 to 1791, it is located in the “Pariser Platz” from the city center. In 1961, 28 years following the construction of the wall that divided the town in two, it was impassable, it represents yesteryear and present history of the city, it’s the symbol of reunification after the fall from the wall Berlin in 1989. It’s topped by the famous chariot from the goddess of victory, Victoria on a chariot drawn by four horses.
The Berlin Cathedral is really a parish church located on the Spree Island. This is actually the largest church in this city and it is a protestant cathedral built around the St. Peters Dome model in Rome. This massive dome from the church was built from 1894 to 1905. A brief history of this historic building goes back to the fifteenth century. This website offers church services, tours, concerts as well as offerings and events.
The Berliner Dom tells an extended story of almost two hundred years. Begun in 1700, the Protestant Cathedral of Berlin was rebuilt, destroyed and rebuilt within the late nineteenth century, neo-baroque. Guided tours can be found.This is the main cathedral within the city of Berlin and you are in a position to climb to the very top of their dome, where you have great views over the city. Resembling St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome, other interesting features include large marble pillars, a little exhibition about the history of your building, and a vault housing 90 sarcophagi containing the remains of numerous members of the Prussian royals, who this ornate cathedral was designed for in the 19th century. Its main nave was reopened in 1993, following a 20-year renovation period.
Though a lot of the Berlin Wall was torn down in 1989, servings of the Wall can be found throughout different regions of the city. The two most famous locations are located in the courtyard of the American Embassy in Berlin, and also the John F. Kennedy High School in Berlin. Some segments from the Wall are plain cement white, while some are coated in colorful graffiti and street art. These monuments recall the barrier that once separated East Germany and West Germany, and today represents the reunification of Germany and disestablishment of Communism, which occurred upon no more the Cold War. Berlin Wall Pariser Platz, 10117 Berlin, Germany.
Found in the center of the Tiergarten park, the Berlin Victory Column (Siegessaule Berlin) is almost 69 meters high. A well known tourist attraction, the Victory Column is open daily. It had been built in 1864 as a commemoration of the Prussian army’s victory from the Prussian-Danish War. The top of the column includes a yellow bronze sculpture from the Greek goddess of victory, Victoria. She looks like a winged angel, holding a scepter in a single hand and Caesar’s laurel wreath in the other. Nazi rallies were locked in front of the monument, as was President Barack Obama’s speech to Germany in 2008. Victory Column Großer Stern, 10557 Berlin, Germany.