Aurangabad is a favourite tourist destination because of its proximity to the Ajanta and Ellora caves,famous historical monuments and Devgiri Fort.
Taking its name from the great Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, Aurangabad city is a famous tourist destination in Maharashtra. The city houses a number of historical monuments, palaces and tombs which hold the essence of Aurangabad’s rich past. The cultural diversity and pleasing weather of the city make it a popular destination of India.
Aurangabad is an important tourist destination in Maharashtra, as it is home to numerous historical monuments. Ajanta Caves and Ellora Caves are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Bibi ka Maqbara, which is quite similar to the Taj Mahal, calls Aurangabad its home. One can also find several museums in this city. The Lonar lake, which is the world’s third largest crater lake is located in Aurangabad. Jayakwadi Bird Sanctuary and Gautala Wildlife Sanctuary are other tourist attraction in Aurangabad.
Ellora Caves throw light on the tolerance of the people of ancient India who were ready to accommodate other beliefs and faiths. Ellora Caves are spaced over 2 kilometers and there are 34 caves representing three religions namely Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism. The monuments date between 600 A.D. and 1000 A.D. All the 34 temples and monasteries were dug adjacent to each other in the walls of a cliff. The first 12 caves are Buddhist Caves and they are the oldest. The next 17 caves are the Hindu Caves. The last 5 caves are Jain Caves. The architectural expertise and the efforts taken by the artisans in constructing buildings out of rocks have no words to admire enough.
Ajanta Caves, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is best known for having several paintings, statues and sculptures of Lord Buddha as carvings. The wall paintings feature Buddhist arts such as Padmapani, Bodhisattvas and Avalokiteshvara. The paintings and sculptures are believed to have been made by the Buddhist monks. Many sculptures and holy images of Lord Buddha are well preserved in the Ajanta Caves.
Bibi Ka Maqbara
Bibi Ka Maqbara is situated 5 km away from Aurangabad. Aurangazeb’s son, Prince Azam Shah built it in 1678 in the memory of his mother Begum Rabia Durani. This mausoleum is a replica of the famous Taj Mahal. Despite the layout and surrounding of the tomb is very much similar to Taj Mahal, somehow the architecture fails to produce the magic of the Taj. Hence, it is considered to be a poor imitation of the Taj Mahal.
Devgiri Fort is situated in the village of Daulat. The massive fort immediately attracts you and has you spellbound the moment you set your eyes on it. The fort was considered to be constructed by Billamraja who ruled Daulatabad during 1187 A.D. The most interesting fact about the fort is that it remained unconquerable throughout. The architectural wonder was built to provide the best defense to the rulers and it was very well achieved, as the fort was never won.
Bani Begam Bagh
The beautiful garden was created by the grandson of Aurangazeb in memory of Bani Begum, his wife. This is a perfect place if you want to relax on your tour and keep your spirits soaring. The lush greenery and the landscape help you experience inner peace. The garden reflects the style of Mughal architecture. You will find waterfall near the garden. Not much activity for you here except to relax and enjoy.
Ghrishneshwar Temple belongs to 18th century. It is just half a kilometer from Ellora Caves. The marvelous architecture is awe-inspiring though you cannot hope to see the complete ancient architecture here owing to the damage caused by Aurangazeb. A peaceful place and it is frequented by tourists attraction, as it is one of the twelve Siva temples.