Delhi is Capital of India , has a very colorful culture and history . Best 10 Historical Monuments helps make the city a perfect Tourist Place.
The Capital of India, Delhi, or locally pronounced as Dilli is among the major tourist attractions in India. Delhi is a city that bridges two different worlds. Old Delhi, once the capital of Islamic India, is a labyrinth of narrow lanes lined with crumbling havelis and formidable mosques. In comparison, the imperial city of New Delhi developed by the British Raj is composed of spacious, tree-lined avenues and imposing government buildings. Delhi continues to be the seat of power for many rulers and many empires for about a millennium. Often the city was built, destroyed after which rebuilt here. Interestingly, numerous Delhi’s rulers played a dual role, first as destroyers after which as creators.
A Brief History of Delhi
The city includes a rich history and it is reflected with the ancient buildings, forts, monuments etc. Delhi was an abode to various empires like the Mauryan, Tughluq, Tomara and various other dynasties. Actually, it is believed by most people that Delhi was the capital of the Pandavas, from the Mahabharata and was known as the land of Indrapastha. Delhi travel map will help you have a look at the present and the past history of the area. It will also help to plan your trip to various parts of the city.
Historical places of Delhi plays a huge role to raise the beauty of India. Delhi is a capital city of India that is located at the side of Yamuna River. There are lots of historical places to visit in Delhi. Historical places include Mehrauli, Tuglakabad, Firozabad, etc. Delhi city has some famous historical places of that some were built by mughals plus some by Britishers.
Delhi historical places
The main historical monuments would be the Red forts, Jama masjid, Rastrapati bhawan, Parliament House in Delhi. The significance of historical places is that it describes its ancient history alone. People fascinated automatically toward historical places to determine and know about its creativity.
1. The Red Fort
Red Fort was built by Shah Jahan during 1639-48. Shah Jahan developed Shahjahanabad, the seventh town of Delhi and which is the present day Old Delhi. Shah Jahan moved his capital here, from Agra, in 1649. The Red Fort was the royal residence from the emperor.
Red Fort has Naqqar Khana or even the drum house, Diwan-i-Aam or the Hall of Public Audiences, Diwan-i-Khas or even the Hall of Private Audiences, Khas Mahal palace, Rang Mahal palace, Mumtaz Mahal palace and also the Moti Masjid mosque. Red Fort is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
2. Jama masjid
JAMA MASJID is India’s largest mosque. It is the last work of Emperor Shah Jahan. Its construction began in 1650 and was completed within six years. You are able to relive the Mughal or Mogul history of Delhi passing with the splendid corridors of this ancient mosque. The Jama Masjid stands over the road in front of the Red Fort. The spacious courtyard from the Jama Masjid holds thousands of devotees.
3. Parliament House
Parliament House accommodates the two Houses of Parliament, Lok Sabha (House of those) and Rajya Sabha (Council of States). Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker, the architects of recent Delhi, designed this building. His Royal Highness, the Duke of Connaught, laid the building blocks stone of Parliament House around 1921. It took six years to accomplish the Delhi Parliament House and its was inaugurated around 1927 by the then Governor-General of India, Lord Irwin. A circular building, additionally, it houses ministerial offices, a number of committee rooms along with a brilliant library.
The Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha meetings are locked in the domed circular central hall and also the three semi-circular buildings. Sansad Bhavan of New is adorned by having an open verandah with 144 columns along with a 28 m central dome. Comprised of blocks of sandstone, it has a diameter of around 174 m. Enclosing the Parliament House Estate is definitely an attractive red sandstone wall or iron grill with iron gates. It’s important to take prior permission before going to the Parliament House of Delhi. Indians need to get permission by making use of at the Parliament Secretariat and foreigners through their Embassies or High Commissions.
4. Rashtrapati Bhavan
The decission was taken in the Delhi Durbar of 1911 that the capital of India could be shifted from Calcutta to Delhi. Thus was created the city of Delhi, designed by the truly amazing architect Edwin Lutyens, along with Herbert Baker. It took approximately 20 years and 15 million pounds to construct New Delhi. Built as the Viceral Lodge, Delhi Rashtrapati Bhawan includes four floors and 340 rooms. Now referred to as President House of New Delhi, it’s spread over an area of around 200,000-sq-feet. It took 18 years to create this building and on the around the 18th year of its completion, India became independent.
5. Qutub Minar
The building blocks of Qutub Minar laid by Qutubuddin Aibak . It’s undoubtedly one of the best town by which is finest to watch. It raise to some height of 72 kms. It’s one of the important landmarks of Delhi. Built-in red sandstone, this tower sports the inscriptions of verses of Holy Quran plus some intricate carvings. Besides these, it’s possible to also see the tomb of Adham Khan and Zafar Mahal within Qutub complex and also the tomb of Jamali-Kamali behind it.
6. India Gate
India Gate was build in 1931 , it’s 42 m hign arch of victory.What they are called of 90,000 soldiers who died during third world war was inscribed around the walls.In 1971, Amar Jawan Jyoti was lit underneath the arc of india gate to honor brave unknown soldiers. It’s also known as the All India War Memorial, India Gate was created and constructed by Sir Edwin Lutyens.
7. Janter manter
Janter manter is the gratest architecture of Indian masterpiece. Maharaja Jai Singh II of jaipur contructed in1712 A.D. It is a magnificent structure which contain fourteen geometric device which is often used for measuring time , predicting behavior of platents , forecasting weather changes.All products are fixed and pointing to some specific direction.
8. Old Fort
Old Fort is the oldest historic site in Delhi. It’s believed that the capital city of Pandavas, Indraprastha stood here about 5000 years back. The present fort was built by Sher Shah Suri during 1538-45. Old Fort has three massive gateways, Bara Darwaza, Humayun Darwaza and also the Talaqi Darwaza. Inside the Old Fort, there is the Quila-I-Kuhna mosque, Sher Mandal along with a Baoli, or stepped well. Sher Mandal is a double storied octagonal tower, used being an observatory by Sher Shah Suri and as a library by Humayun, afterwards.
Old Fort is popular because of its excellent environment. It is free of noise and has lush green well-maintained lawns. There is a lake outside by having an option for boating. There is also a nice walking track round the lake.
9. Humayun’s Tomb
Humayun was the second Mughal emperor who ruled from 1530-56, having a break of 15 years between 1540-1555 where he had lost his kingdom to Sher Shah Suri. Humayun died in 1556 in an accident because he fell on staircase of his library and sustained serious injuries. Humayun’s tomb was built by his widow, Hamida Banu Begum during 1565-72. Humayun’s tomb consists of red sandstone with a white marble dome. The facade has arches in the center and sides and is considered an essential milestone in Mughal architecture which reached its zenith eighty-five years later during the construction from the Taj Mahal. Humayun’s Tomb is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
10. Lodi Tomb
Lodi Tomb is inside the premises of Lodi Garden , in South Delhi. It’s one of the popular monument of delhi , it is the last resting spot for Sikander Lodi , the great ruler of India. This Tomb is octagonal fit and shows the magnificent art of Mughal architecture. Aside from Lodi Tomb , the Garden also has Tomb of Muhammad Shah ,Shish Gumbad and Bara Gumbad.