Posted by on May 12, 2012 in Greek | 0 comments

The Greek mythology comprises stories about Gods and heroes, nature of the world, the origin of the cult, in addition to ritual practices.

Prologue

Greek mythology is the collection of traditions and stories of ancient Greeks.These descriptions are posted openly or directly in large collection of stories & descriptions and depicted indirectly in art work like pot paintings & prayerful gifts.

Greek mythology explains the origins of the world, and details the lives and adventures of a wide variety of gods, goddesses, heroes, heroines, and mythological creatures. These accounts initially were spread in an oral-poetic tradition; today the Greek myths are known primarily from Greek literature.

Modern scholars study these myths in order to divulge the religious and political institutions of Ancient Greece, its civilization, and to gain understanding of the nature of myth-making itself.

Greek gods & heroes

The Olympians:

Based on mythology, after the overthrow of the Titans the new pantheon of god and goddesses was confirmed. Included in this, the principal Greek deities were the Olympians, twelve gods and goddesses residing atop Mount Olympus under the supervision of Zeus.

The Olympians, also called the Dodekatheon, comprises the following gods:

Apollo:

Apollo is the god of music, the sun, light and medicine. He’s a master archer. The Temple of Apollo can nonetheless be admired in Delphi. The entire divination center of Delphi is focused on him.

Zeus:

Gods and Goddesses Greek A Mythology Tour of Greece

Greek Gods and Goddesses

Zeus is Supreme lord of gods, god of the sky, symbolized by the thunderbolt. He was worshiped throughout Greece. He’s the personification of law, justice and morals and his weapon is a thunderbolt. In Athens, you can still admire the Temple of Olympian Zeus

Poseidon:

Poseidon is the lord of the sea, the second in power among gods. His weapon is the trident that they uses to result in earthquakes, drowning and ship wrecks. He’s quite moody. One of the temples focused on Poseidon still exists at at Sounion, really near to Athens (and can easily explored if going for a half-day trip to its location).

Aphrodite:

Aphrodite is the goddess of affection, beauty, desire and sex. She’s always combined with the three Graces: Aglaea (Splendor), Euphrosyne (Mirth) and Thalia (Good Cheer), who represent the charm and beauty in nature and human life. A whole city focused on Aphrodite (called Aphrodisias) still exists in nowadays Turkey.

Hera:

Hera is the Queen of the gods, worshiped as the goddess of marriage and birth. In Olympia, you are able to still admire the Temple of Hera.

Demeter:

Demeter is the goddess of grain and fertility, in addition to the preserver of marriage. The remains of the Temple of Demeter can nonetheless be visited in Naxos.

Ares:

Ares is the god of war. He’s a very handsome god but additionally very cruel, bloodstained and …a coward. Whenever he was hurt he visited Zeus to be healed. The Temple of Ares existed in Athens but over the years it had been probably converted into Athena’s temple (in the Agora).

Hermes:

Hermes is the cleverest of the gods and messenger of gods. He’s the god of commerce and thieves, but additionally the guide to the souls of the dead to the underworld. The ruins of the Temple of Hermes and Aphrodite could be visited in Samos.

Hephaestus:

Hephaestus is the god of volcanoes, fire and the forge. He’s the kindest and most peaceful of the Greek gods. The temple of Hephaestus (Hefaisteion) can nonetheless be admired in Athens (in the Agora).

Athena:

Athena is one of the most well-known goddess in Greek mythology; she’s the virgin goddess of wisdom, war, intelligent activity, justice, arts and literature. The Parthenon on the Acropolis is focused on Athena.

Artemis:

Artemis is the goddess of chastity and virginity, in addition to the goddess of hunting and wilderness. She hunts with silver arrows. King Agamemnon was one of her victims; after he killed one of her sacred deer, she stopped the winds when the king attempted to sail to become part of the Trojan war. There existed a Temple of Artemis the ancient world, at Ephesus (now in Turkey), but nothing remains from it.

Hestia:

Hestia is goddess of the house and domestic life. She’s the gentlest of the gods and usually plays no part in myths. There is a temple of Hestia at Hermione, but nothing remains from it.

There were regional differences and, for instance, in Kos, Heracles and Dionysus replaced Ares and Hephaestus.

Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Hera, Demeter and Hestia were siblings, while the other medication is considered kids of Zeus by various mothers, except Athens and Aphrodite.

Besides these major gods, the Greeks also worshiped minor earth deities, for example the goat-god Pan, Nymphs – spirits of the rivers -, Dryads – spirits of the trees –, Nereids and a lot more. Then there have been the dark gods, for example the Furies, who pursue those responsible for crimes against blood-relatives.

Greek Gods and Human Lives

Greek Gods happen to be influencing the human lives. Zeus accounts for the current chronological age of man. Athena gave the Athenians the olive tree and Demeter was the one who taught the man agriculture. Hermes brought the dreams to the mortals. Dionysus gave humans the wine and encourages its consumption. Nemesis handles punishing people as she’s the goddess of divine retribution for evil deeds or undeserved fortune. The Furies do virtually the same thing, while Tyche (Chance) and the Moirae (Fates) are the goddesses of risk and fate (period of human life). Eros, obviously, is responsible for love and making people fell in love.